An example of the use of community-based strategies in vaccination campaigns

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Remote Maasai communities

In order to design the most appropriate strategy of dog vaccination in remote Maasai communities of north-western Tanzania, three approaches have been used: (a) central point strategies, where people are asked to bring their dogs to a central location within the village, (b) house-to-house campaigns, where a vaccination team systematically visit each household and (c) community-based strategies,

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A community animal-health worker vaccinating a Maasai dog in northern-Tanzania

where village animal-health or primary health workers receive training to vaccinate dogs, are provided with vaccine, consumables, bicycles to access cold-chain facilities, and assigned the duty of vaccinating dogs according to their method of choice. A combined strategy involving community-based health workers is very effective, with >80% vaccination coverage obtained, and relatively cost-effective, at a cost of approximately >$4/dog vaccinated.

Photos courtesy of the Serengeti Carnivore Disease Project.

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Version 4 - last updated May 2017