5.4.14. Is it important to include dog population management in rabies control programmes?

Theoretically dog population management can support rabies control efforts, but the time scales necessary to sustainably reduce dog population size or turnover and the resources required are considerable.
Including dog population management programmes will depend on whether the number of unwanted dogs in the specific location is considered a problem by the community, which may not always be the case. Given the wide differences in composition and size of dog populations between and within countries, dog population management needs must be assessed before planning and implementing any intervention.
Planned interventions should follow published guidelines with monitoring and evaluation being a critical component of the programme, as explained in this document. Currently recommended tools for dog population management are described here, and there is a paper that discussed the role of dog population management could play in rabies control here.

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