5.3.1. Rabies surveillance

A rabies surveillance and reporting system needs to be developed and implemented, so that data is gathered and reported regularly to evaluate progress. Further details on how to develop a surveillance system and how to design a reporting system are listed in the Rabies Surveillance Blueprint.

Rabies surveillance personnel and investigation officers
e.g. veterinary officers, paraveterinary workers, livestock field officers, extension officers, field assistants, game wardens and medical personnel working closely with field investigation personnel should be trained in:
- Basic collection of epidemiological data such as animal rabies cases, human bite exposures and human rabies cases, described here
- Reporting of surveillance data to epidemiologists
- Collection of animal diagnostic samples, packaging and submission to diagnostic laboratories for testing, described here
- Epidemiological investigation of human and canine rabies

Epidemiologists should be trained in the following tasks:
- Gathering of essential epidemiological data (e.g. vaccination coverage, animal rabies incidence, human bite exposures and rabies deaths, human vaccine doses delivered), database management, data analysis and interpretation to monitor the progress of an intervention
- Reporting and dissemination of information
- Epidemiological investigation of human and canine rabies

Technical staff in rabies diagnostic laboratories
Rabies technicians should be trained in the following tasks:
- Conducting general laboratory protocols and procedures
- Maintenance/servicing of equipment (fridges/freezers, microscopes, etc.)
- Preparation/handling/storage of reagents
- Basic rabies diagnostic techniques, described here and here
- Data recording and reporting of laboratory findings

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Version 4 - last updated May 2017