3.3.5. What sources of funding might be available for dog rabies control?

Funding for dog rabies control can come from many different sources:

- Government funding - Usually comes through the Veterinary Services, the Ministry of Health and/or other agencies of the public health sector. Strong interaction and collaboration between these two sectors can result in optimal use of resources since properly implemented mass vaccination of dogs can lead to large savings to the public health sector because of reduced demand for costly human vaccines and biologicals. Therefore, the design of interministerial financing mechanisms integrating both veterinary and public health sectors could provide a sustainable mechanism for rabies control. Because rabies outbreaks can affect tourism and animal welfare, additional funding could be sought through Ministries of Tourism and Natural Resources. Many governments have emergency funds available for unexpected outbreaks. If rabies is a notifiable disease and therefore it is subject to particular laws and controls, the government accepts responsibility and government funding should be given priority. See also this section describing which factors are important in deciding whether a disease should be notifiable.

- Local government funding may be available.

- Local businesses and trusts

- Dog-related industries (pharmaceutical, pet food and pet insurance) may be willing to support the programme either financially or by providing resources (e.g. food, vaccines or medicines).

- External organizations (e.g. international and regional development organizations, international grant-making bodies) may provide funding for specific project costs or workshops, although they will unlikely support long-term running costs.

- NGOs working in animal welfare, human and animal health, wildlife conservation (where appropriate)

- Universities may provide funding or non-financial resources such as infrastructure, manpower and expertise.

- Private donors

- Dog owners – The cost of vaccination is a commonly cited barrier for many dog owners in low and middle income countries. In many settings, government sponsored mass vaccination campaigns may need to consider low-cost or free vaccination to achieve high levels of vaccination coverage. Click here to view studies comparing owner-charged and free vaccination campaigns. However, the community’s willingness to pay for vaccines should be assessed, and when possible, vaccination campaigns should attempt to be self-sustaining through nominal fee-for-service charges.
Mechanisms for charging dog owners, for example through dog registration and establishment of community/village funds, could be considered (CASE STUDY PHILIPPINES). Charging a nominal fee can promotes a sense of ownership for the dog and may encourage dog owners to pay for private veterinary services in future years when government campaigns cease. In some programmes, a nominal fee charged to dog owners was used to pay and therefore motivate vaccinators, rather than to pay for vaccine.

- Emergency funding (outbreak situation or introduction into free areas). The EU and UK, for example, have emergency plans/financial packages to deal with disease outbreaks, which could potentially be supported by farmers tax.

- In-kind support can also be used to reduce costs for governments. Donated or subsidized high quality canine vaccines have been given to several countries by the OIE vaccine bank, see here.

NGO = Non-governmental organisation
EU = European Union
UK = United Kingdom
OIE = World Organisation for Animal Health

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Version 4 - last updated May 2017