3.2.5. Is/should rabies in humans be a notifiable disease in my country?

Yes, making rabies in humans a notifiable disease will improve surveillance efforts. Functional diagnostic services are a precondition for notification of human rabies and human rabies cases should be systematically investigated to identify contacts. All medical practitioners should be aware of the list of nationally or sub-nationally notifiable diseases that infect humans. The local (district level) or national public health authorities can provide more detailed information. Timely response to surveillance activities and notification of results will motivate field and hospital staff to continue reporting cases. Responses to notification should include, at a minimum, prompt acknowledgement of reports, feedback on results of diagnostic tests, and advice on management of cases and outbreaks. Follow-up of notifications will improve both case for management and surveillance activities (as detailed in the 2013 WHO Expert Consultation Report). More guidance on human rabies surveillance is provided in Section 2.2 of the Rabies Surveillance Blueprint.

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