3.2.14. Is dog vaccination compulsory?

Dog vaccination is the most cost-effective, single intervention at source to protect humans from contracting rabies. High-quality vaccines are available. Vaccine coverage needs to reach at least 70% of the canine population in order to break the cycle of transmission in from dogs and to humans.

Dog vaccination is the only way to break the rabies infection cycle in dogs and to humans. In some countries rabies vaccination and individual dog registration and identification are mandatory. Depending on the circumstances, changes to legislation regarding rabies vaccination should be considered, keeping in mind that these legislative changes are often slow and difficult to enforce.

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Photo courtesy of the Society of Animal Well-Being of Lusaka and by the Department of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Lusaka

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Version 4 - last updated May 2017