3.2.1. What is the role of legislation in the fight against rabies?

In most countries, several laws and by-laws have relevance for rabies control and can provide valuable support for implementing effective programs. For instance, it is important that the Veterinary Services have the authority to enter private and public premises and other establishments where animals are located. The legislation should provide them with the necessary authority to carry out actions needed for the early detection, reporting, notification, and rapid and effective management of rabies. Such actions include the capacity to: (1) seize animals, vaccinate, and quarantine (including diagnostic testing and other procedures); (2) control animals at frontiers; and (3) require the humane euthanasia and safe disposal of animals considered to pose a risk of rabies transmission to public health. At the municipal level, a variety of laws can assist in prevention and control of rabies, as described here.

next page: 3.2.2. What is the difference between reporting and notification?

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