3.1.7. Which laboratories are available for rabies diagnosis?

Regional laboratory facilities, national rabies laboratories, WHO Collaborating Centers for rabies and OIE reference laboratories. In most countries, diagnosis should be undertaken by a regional laboratory. All positive samples should then be sent to the national reference laboratory for that country for confirmation and, if the local infrastructure is adequate, further characterisation. The national rabies laboratory should finally report to OIE/WHO. Information about the location of regional and national diagnostic laboratories can generally be obtained through Ministries of Health and/or Agriculture. WHO Collaborating Centers may provide support with characterisation of viruses and methods have been developed, i.e. brain suspensions deposited on filter paper (FTA) cards, for safe storage (at room temperature) and dispatch of samples to international laboratories. WHO Collaborating Centers can also assist with provision of reagents and training, e.g. laboratory twinning initiatives matching laboratories in developing countries with expert institutions to enhance diagnostic capacity (CASE STUDY GERMANY - TURKEY). Click here for the list of WHO Collaborating Centers.

WHO = World Health Organization
OIE = World Organization for Animal Health

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Version 4 - last updated May 2017