Government Veterinary Services and Zoonoses Departments – Vaccination campaigns should be under the overall supervision of veterinarians, but other staff will be needed to assist during campaigns.
Private veterinary practitioners are generally involved in vaccination of owned dogs in clinics, but could also be involved in mass vaccination campaigns, which can provide opportunities to engage with new potential clients and provide additional clinical services during a campaign.
Paravets, livestock officers, agricultural extension officers and veterinary assistants.
Public health sector, e.g. health promoters ( CASE STUDY COLOMBIA ).
Community-based assistants ( CASE STUDY TANZANIA ).
Volunteers - Volunteers can play an immensely valuable role in vaccination campaigns, although the use of non-professional volunteers as vaccinators may need to be authorized by the authorities ( CASE STUDY PHILIPPINES ).
Volunteer veterinarians and veterinary nurses from overseas may be a source of short-term support.
Veterinary Schools or University staff – Veterinary students may be involved as part of their training ( CASE STUDY ZAMBIA ) ( CASE STUDY PHILIPPINES ) ( CASE STUDY TURKEY) ( CASE STUDY TURKEY ).
Federal resources (e.g. the army).
School children ( CASE STUDY TURKEY ).
- Photo courtesy of Serengeti Carnivore Disease Project